Kant’s moral refers to a deontological moral concepts attributed to Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher. The moral concepts came about due to enlightenment rationalism, which was founded on the perception that an action could only be termed to be good if the principle behind it was a moral law duty. According to Kant, moral law is the categorical imperative that acts on all human beings irrespective of their desires and interests. Kant developed the categorical imperative in different categories.
Kant’s universality principle compelled that, only actions which are applicable to all people without generating contradictions should be accepted. In his humanity formulation, Kant argued that human being should not be treated as means to end, but the end itself. Under the autonomy formulation by Kant suggested that, rational means should be based on ethical rule through their individual will. Kant as well drew the difference between imperfects and perfect duties. According to Kant, perfect duty involves truth always whilst imperfect duty is flexible to suit various places and time.
Philosophers Perceptions on Kant’s Morals
Various philosophers such as Louise Pojman and Jean-Jacques Rousseau have contested the influence of moral law on empiricism and rationalism exhibited in Kant’s morals. Other philosophers claimed that Kant’s teacher, Martin Knutzen and his parents played a huge role in influencing his morals. Kant’s morals influenced the likes of John Rawls; a political philosopher, psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan and philosopher Jurgen Habermas.
However, other philosophers such as G.W. Hegel, a German philosopher have criticized Kant moral for providing insufficient details which affects decisions and not accepting the nature of people. Arthur Schopenhauer, another German debated that morals should try to appreciate the behavior of people and criticized perspective concept used by Kant. According to Michael stocker, moral motivations can be diminished by acting out of duty. Kant’ morals have also been criticized by the Catholic Church as opposing to Christian morals. However, Marcia Baron has defended Kant’s moral by suggesting that moral motivation is not influence by duty.
Significant of Kant’s Moral
The argument that all peoples are due respect and dignity as independent agents implies that professionals such as medical doctors ought to be pleased with their duty and patients should not view them as special people within the society. Feminist philosophers have heavily relied Kant’s moral condemn immoral practices such as pornography and prostitution because they do not view women as ends. According to Kant’s moral, animals should not be assigned to duties since they are not rationalism.